ABOUT In Vitro Fertilization
Nowadays in vitro fertilization is considered to be one of the most popular assisted reproductive therapies worldwide. The procedure contains the fertilization of the egg outside of the human’s body and it takes 5 separate stages. The first step requires that the patients use fertility drugs, usually in the form of injections, to stimulate the eggs production. Next step: the fertility doctor takes the eggs with the usage of a small needle that penetrates into ovaries and absorbs inside each each follicle the eggs out. Within the third step of IVF, the highest quality eggs and sperm are inseminated and fertilized. Over the next 3-5 days, the eggs are dividing and grow into a healthy growing embryo. Right after then the final step of the IVF procedure is implemented, one or several embryos are implanted in the womb.
The whole procedure lasts6-8 weeks long. Approximately out of 100 couples that are trying to conceive naturally about 84 will get pregnant within a year, and about 92 within two years.
Artificial insemination is one of the first fertility procedures that couples try when they are having troubles with conceiving. The artificial insemination begins usually at the start of the female's menstrual cycle, at the time when she starts to take fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs that are available for fertilization. When ovulation starts, the doctor takes the analyses from male patient. All analyses are being washed and concentrated into limit cramping that increase chances of fertilization. The fertility specialist then places the prepared samples in a catheter and after then in the female patient’s body.
Full treatment lastsusually 1-2 weeks.
In general there is around 10-20 % rate of success. (the younger the patients who is using fertility drugs, the have higher are success rates).
Intra Cytoplasm Injection
Intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) involves injecting male’s spermatozoondirectly into an egg in order to fertilize it. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred to the woman’s womb. The major development of ICSI means that as long as some male analyzes can be obtained (even in very low numbers), fertilization is possible.
During ICSI, a single spermatozoon is injected exactly into the white (cytoplasm) of a mature egg using an ultra-fine glass needle (pipette). The fertilized egg is then observed until it has grown a certain number of stages before being transferred into the woman's reproductive tract.
The ICSI treatment is similar to IVF, but instead of fertilization taking place in a dish, the embryologist selects male’s seminal fluid from the sample and it is injected directly into each egg.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
In Vitro Fertilization is a clinical reproductive treatment that is usually called IVF. The fertilization treatment includes extracting eggs and sperm sample, and then manually combining in a laboratory both egg and sperm. After that an embryo is placed into the womb.
Embryos (fertilized eggs) are being grown in the laboratory during 6 days before being placed into the womb. In the laboratory the best 1-2 fertilized eggs (embryos) will be chosen for transfer. The women will receive hormone medicine prescribed by the doctor, to support preparation the lining of the womb to receive the embryo.
In vitro fertilization helps to get children for couples with following diseases: damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, disorder of ovulation, uterine fibroids or premature failure of ovulation at women. At men: decreased sperm count or motility of sperm.
In vitro fertilization success rate for women under 35 is around 33% per embryo. However there is no guarantee that an embryo, even it is chosen as the best one and is the healthies one, will lead to live birth.
Once session of in vitro fertilization usually lasts around 4-6 weeks. Couples are commonly asked to spend around half a day in the clinic for the egg retrieval and procedure of fertilization.