ABOUT Testicular Cancer - Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
The testicles (testes) are situated inside the scrotum, a loose sack of skin beneath the penis, where testicular cancer develops. Male sex hormones and sperm are produced in the testicles for reproduction.
Testicular cancer is uncommon compared to other types of cancer. However, testicular cancer is the most frequent cancer in American men aged 15 to 35. Even after cancer has gone beyond the testicle, testicular cancer is highly curable.
You may undergo one of several therapies, or a mix of them, depending on the kind and stage of your testicular cancer.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
The following are some of the signs and symptoms of testicular cancer:
⦁ In either testicle, a mass or enlargement
⦁ In the scrotum, a feeling of heaviness
⦁ A dull discomfort in the groin or abdomen
⦁ An unexpected accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
⦁ Testicular or scrotal pain or discomfort
⦁ Tenderness or enlargement of the breasts
In most cases, the cause of testicular cancer is unknown. Testicular cancer develops when healthy cells in the testes get mutated, according to doctors. Healthy cells divide and expand in a regular pattern to keep your body running smoothly. However, some cells develop abnormalities, leading to out-of-control proliferation – cancer cells continue to divide even when new cells aren't needed.
Stages of Testicular Cancer
Stage 0: Also known as "Germ Cell Neoplasia In Situ (GCNIS)."
This isn't cancer but rather a signal that cancer may spread.
The seminal tubules are the only place where GCNIS may be discovered.
Stage I (IA, IB, IS): Cancer only affects the testes. It hasn't spread to any lymph nodes in the area. However, cancer has progressed to one or more lymph nodes in the abdomen at stage II (IIA, IIB, IIC) (belly).
It hasn't spread to any other body parts.
Cancer has gone beyond the lymph nodes in the abdomen in stage III (IIIA, IIIB, IIIC).
Cancer can be found in places other than the testicles, such as lymph nodes or the lungs.
The levels of tumor markers are high.
Factors that are at risk
⦁ A testicle that hasn't descended (cryptorchidism): The testes originate in the abdominal area during fetal development and usually descend into the scrotum before birth. Therefore, testicular cancer is more likely in males whose testicles never descended than in individuals whose testicles descended regularly. Even if the testicle has been surgically moved to the scrotum, the risk remains high.
⦁ Testicle development is abnormal: Testicular cancer risk is increased by conditions that cause testicles to develop improperly, such as Klinefelter syndrome.
⦁ History of the family: If you have a family history of testicular cancer, you may be at a higher risk.
⦁ Age: Teenagers and younger men, particularly those between the ages of 15 and 35, are at risk for testicular cancer. It can, however, happen at any age.
⦁ Race: White men are more likely than black guys to have testicular cancer.
Following Treatment - Fertility and Sex Life
Your sexual energy or fertility should not be affected by removing one testicle (chances of having a child). After surgery, most men can have a regular erection.
Still, testicular cancer patients have a higher risk of infertility and low testosterone than the general population. Sperm development may also slow for a short time.
If you're having trouble ejaculating, some medicines can help. Consult your doctor if you are concerned. It would help if you also considered using a Sperm bank before therapy.
Your body will discover balance as you recuperate. The healthy testicles and lymph nodes will produce enough testosterone over time to help you go back to normal.
The risk of dying is relatively low as there is a treatment for it, and there is no need for you to stress out. In addition, it will not be as malignant as the other cancer types.