ABOUT In Vitro Fertilization
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a sort of reproductive aid (ART). It includes the recovery and sperm fertilization of eggs from the ovaries of a woman. This egg is known as an embryo, fertilized. It is possible to freeze the embryo to store or transfer it to the uterus of a woman.
IVF can utilize, according to the following situations:
l Your eggs and sperm of your spouse
l Your eggs and your partner's donor sperm eggs
l Eggs provided by donors and sperm donor
Your doctor may also implant surgery or gestational carriers with embryos.
IVF success rates vary. According to the American Pregnancy Association, live birth rates are 41-43 percent for women under the age of 35 who have IVF. The percentage for women over 40 years decreases to 13 to 18 percent.
How is fertilization carried out in vitro?
The IVF involves five steps:
In each menstrual cycle, a woman generally produces one egg. IVF takes many eggs, though. Multiple eggs improve the likelihood of a viable embryo forming. To enhance the number of eggs your body creates you will take fertility medications. During this period, your doctor will do routine blood tests and ultrasounds to check the creation and retrieval of eggs.
2. Recovery of Egg
Egg recovery is referred to as follicular suction. It is an operation with anesthesia. It is an operation. An ultrasonography wand is used by your doctor to guide your needle into your vagina, into your ovary, and an egg follicle. Eggs and fluid are sucked from each follicle by the needle.
A semen sample is now required of the male spouse. A technician in a petri dish mixes the sperm and the eggs. Your doctor may opt to employ ICSI if it does not yield embryos.
4. Culture of embryos
The fertilized eggs are monitored by your doctor to help them divide and develop.
Genetic disorders may currently, be tested for the embryos.
They can be implanted if the embryos are large enough. This usually happens after three to five days. Implantation entails placing through your vagina, through your cervix, and in the uterus, a tiny tube called a catheter. The embryo is then released into the uterus by your doctor. The embryo implants in the uterine wall, pregnancy develops. It can take between six and ten days. If you're pregnant, a blood test can identify.
Why is fertilization carried out in vitro?
IVF assists infertile people who want a baby. IVF is costly and intrusive; thus couples are generally initially treated with conventional reproductive therapies. These may involve intrauterine insemination or using fertility medications. The doctor directly inserts sperm into a woman's womb during this operation.
Problems of infertility that IVF may need to include:
l Lower fertility in women beyond 40 years of age
l Fallopian tubes obstructed or damaged
l Reduced endometriosis of the ovarian function
l Unexplained infertility of males such as low sperm counts or sperm abnormalities
In vitro fertilization, what are the complications?
There are hazards involved with IVF, like any medical process. The following are complications:
l Several pregnancies, increasing the risk of low weight and early abortion
l Ectopic Pregnancy
l Ovarian syndrome (OHSS), an uncommon illness involving fluid accumulation in the belly and chest hemorrhage, bowel or bladder infection or injury (rare)
What's the long-term perspective?
It is very tough to decide if you are subjected to in vitro fertilization and how to try if the first attempt fails. This procedure might be tough for financial, physical, and emotional reasons. Talk to your doctor thoroughly to identify the best possibilities for you and your family and whether in vitro fertilization is the correct way.
Seek a support group or consultant to aid you and your relationship.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
In Vitro Fertilization is a clinical reproductive treatment that is usually called IVF. The fertilization treatment includes extracting eggs and sperm sample, and then manually combining in a laboratory both egg and sperm. After that an embryo is placed into the womb.
Embryos (fertilized eggs) are being grown in the laboratory during 6 days before being placed into the womb. In the laboratory the best 1-2 fertilized eggs (embryos) will be chosen for transfer. The women will receive hormone medicine prescribed by the doctor, to support preparation the lining of the womb to receive the embryo.
In vitro fertilization helps to get children for couples with following diseases: damaged or blocked fallopian tubes, disorder of ovulation, uterine fibroids or premature failure of ovulation at women. At men: decreased sperm count or motility of sperm.
In vitro fertilization success rate for women under 35 is around 33% per embryo. However there is no guarantee that an embryo, even it is chosen as the best one and is the healthies one, will lead to live birth.
Once session of in vitro fertilization usually lasts around 4-6 weeks. Couples are commonly asked to spend around half a day in the clinic for the egg retrieval and procedure of fertilization.